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Music Therapy Improvisation for Groups: Essential Leadership Competencies

Author : Susan Gardstrom

Music Therapy Improvisation for Groups: Essential Leadership Competencies
ISBN : 9781891278495
E-ISBN : 9781891278709


While more and more certified music therapists appear to be using improvisational methods, few published resources exist to guide training and development, especially at the undergraduate/entry level. This unprecedented book provides clinicians, educators, and trainers with knowledge-based and skill-based competencies in group improvisation leadership and a suggested sequence for instruction in these specific competencies.

The focus is on the use of percussion instruments, which are employed more often by music therapists than other instruments in group improvisation. The overarching aim is to help the reader become a facilitator who uses music in an authentic, communicative, flexible, and intentional way. Authentic means with genuineness of expression, communicative refers to the desire and ability to make meaningful contact with the other players, flexible relates to playing a responsive and adaptable manner, and intentional means with a clear clinical purpose in mind.

Altogether, the competencies pinpointed in this book fall into three categories: Preparatory Skills, Facilitative Skills, and Verbal Processing Skills. Preparatory Skills refer to those decisions and actions of the therapist that precede the actual music improvisation. They revolve around the ability of the therapist to comprehend terms and nomenclature germane to the method, manipulate tools and settings used for improvisation including musical instruments and musical elements, and determine suitable structures for improvisation. Facilitative Skills revolve around the ability of the therapist to employ non musical and musical techniques in order to engage clients, and being able to listen, comprehend, and describe what is heard. Verbal Processing Skills refer to those skills required to effectively sort out and discuss improvisation.

These skills help the therapist to recognize and call attention to significant aspects of the experience with clients and may assist communication with co-therapists, and/or supervisors. The book contains clinical vignettes and 80 exercises designed to reinforce competency in the aforementioned areas. 2007, Paperback, 180 pages, $29.


 

Table of Contents

 

CHAPTER ONE:  Introduction                                                  

Essential Competencies                                                  

Suggestions for Using This Book                                                

CHAPTER TWO:  Terms and Nomenclature of Improvisation  

 Foundational Definitions                                                 

Methods, Procedures, Techniques                                

Referential and Nonreferential Improvisations                   

Givens                                                                           

Improvisation Versus a Drum Circle                                 

CHAPTER THREE: Instruments of Improvisation                    

Instrumentarium                                                               

Mallets                                                                            

Getting to Know Your Instruments                                               

Ambidexterity                                                                

Selecting the Instruments                                                

Quality                                                                       

Number                                                                      

Types                                                                         

Client Age                                                                 

Cautions                                                                    

Needs and Objectives                                                  

The Therapist’s Instrument                                          

Arranging the Environment                                             

Presenting the Instruments                                                

Sound Vocabulary                                                      

CHAPTER FOUR:  Musical Elements of Improvisation           

Rhythmic Elements                                                          

Language and Rhythm                                               

Tonal Elements                                                                

Textural Elements                                                            

Dynamic Elements                                                           

Timbral Elements                                                             

CHAPTER FIVE:  Structures for Improvisation                        

Session Structures                                                            

Selecting and Presenting Givens and Referents                 

 Selection                                                                    

Presentation                                                                

CHAPTER SIX:  Nonmusical Facilitation Skills (Verbal & Gestural)                                                                

Starting and Stopping                                                      

Starting                                                                       

Stopping                                                                     

Communicating During Improvisation                              

Movement                                                                       

Physical Assistance                                                        

CHAPTER SEVEN:  Musical Facilitation Skills                       

Techniques of Empathy                                                     

Imitating                                                                     

Synchronizing                                                            

Incorporating                                                             

Pacing                                                                       

Reflecting                                                                  

Structuring Techniques                                                     

Rhythmic Grounding                                                  

Tonal Centering                                                                     

Elicitation Techniques                                                      

Repeating                                                                  

Modeling                                                                   

Making Spaces                                                         

Interjecting                                                               

Redirection Techniques                                                    

Introducing Change                                                    

Intensifying                                                               

Intimacy Techniques                                                        

 Sharing Instruments                                                   

 Bonding                                                                    

 Soliloquizing                                                             

Procedural Techniques                                                     

 Receding                                                                   

Referential Techniques                                                     

 Free Associating                                                        

Emotional Exploration Techniques                                    

 Holding                                                                     

 Doubling                                                                   

 Contrasting                                                                

 Splitting                                                                     

 Transferring                                                               

CHAPTER EIGHT:  Making Sense of What We Hear:

The IAPs                                                                                        

Improvisation Assessment Profiles (IAPs)                        

Intramusical Relationships                                             

Intermusical Relationships                                              

The Profiles                                                                    

Salience                                                                    

Integration                                                                 

Variability                                                                 

Tension                                                                                

Congruence                                                             

Autonomy                                                                 

Summary and Caveats                                                    

CHAPTER NINE: Verbal Skills                                             

To Process or Not to Process                                           

Focal Point of Verbal Processing                                     

Role of the Therapist                                                       

Verbal Techniques                                                          

Probe                                                                         

Reflection of Feeling

Clariffication

Checking Out

Self-Disclosure

Summary

CHAPTER TEN: CLOSING

APPENDICES

REFERENCES