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Music Therapy: A Perspective from the Humanities

Author : Even Ruud

Music Therapy: A Perspective from the Humanities
ISBN : 9781891278549
E-ISBN : 9781891278808


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In this book, Even Ruud argues for the value of humanities as a basis for the theory and practice of music therapy. With the humanities he includes a broad range of academic disciplines, such as those from the social sciences as well as from philosophy, education, and not least, systematic musicology. Through ten chapters, the author discusses some basic principles of a humanistic outlook and how these may affect music therapy. He takes departure from the relational turn in psychotherapy and discusses concepts such as communicative musicality, “thirdness” in improvisation and the concept of recognition, as it relates to critical philosophy. Continuing the thread from his earlier book, Ruud goes on to discuss musical identity, but this time from a developmental point of view, i.e. how music serves different functions in the formation of our identities throughout life. Basic to the humanistic outlook on music therapy will be a concern for our conception of music, and how we deal with aesthetic theories. Drawing from the recent philosophies of body and gesture, Ruud suggests a bodily foundation for the experience of meaning in music, with implication for our understanding of therapeutic improvisation, such as in creative music therapy, or listening, as exemplified by the BMGIM-approach. The next chapters deal with clinical perspectives, and theories from empowerment theory, and notions on health and quality of life lead into a chapter on community music therapy. A whole chapter is also devoted to philosophies of science. In his concluding chapter, Ruud announces a new direction for music therapy, how the everyday musicking through smart phones and mp3-technology may initiate a new area in the use of music as self-caring technology. (ISBN 13: 978-1-891278-54-9, 2010, 209 pages, hardback).

 


Contents

Foreword

Chapter 1

The Tradition from the Humanities 1

A Field of Struggle—A Culture of Questioning / 4

Roles and Identities / 5

Cosmologies of Music and Healing / 8

Nonverbal Meanings / 9

History as Legitimation / 12

Basic Principles of a Humanistic Outlook / 15

Caring for the Individual and the Respect for Human Dignity / 16

Empathy / 17

Critical Aspects / 18

Self-determination / 18

Symbols, Metaphors and Meanings / 19

Chapter 2

The Relational Turn 21

Basic Needs / 21

Communicative Musicality / 23

The Lullaby as a Communicative Event / 26

Affect Attunement, RIGS, and Lived Stories / 29

“Thirdness” and Improvisation / 32

Recognition as a Philosophical Basis / 34

Further Relational Aspects / 36

 

Chapter 3

Musical Identity in a Developmental Perspective 37

Senses of Self-in-Relationship / 39

Competency and Empowerment / 41

Individuality and Autonomy / 42

Values and Authenticities / 45

Consolidation and Regulation / 47

Recollection and Integration / 48

Performing Identity in Music Therapy / 50

Music and Identity in Action / 51

Ethical Responsibility / 51

Self-knowledge / 52

Working with Clients / 53

Chapter 4

Musical Meaning in Music Therapy 54

The Concept of Musical Affordance / 59

Embodied Meaning in Music / 61

A Cognitive Perspective / 63

Improvisation and Gestural Communication as Being-in-Time-Together / 66

The Body in Musical Communication / 68

Chapter 5

Dimensions of Aesthetics in Music Therapy 73

Functions of Music in Music Therapy / 75

Aesthetics as Performative Acts / 78

Music Centered? / 79

A Note on Analysis and Music Therapy / 82

Chapter 6

Enabling and Empowerment 87

Positive Psychology / 88

Strengths and Resources / 90

Positive Emotions / 92

Principles of Empowerment / 96

Goals, Needs, and Resources / 97

Looking for Community Support / 97

Corroboration and Recognition / 98

Empowerment as both Approach and Goal / 98

From Empowerment to Citizenship / 98

Disempowering Soundscapes / 99

Silence—an Enabling Condition / 100

Chapter 7

Health and Quality of Life 102

Performance of Health, Identity, and Lifestyle / 105

Health, the Eudaimonic Approach and the Good Life / 107

Health as Participation—the Missing Link / 108

Musicking for Life Quality / 110

Health is Relational / 112

Vitality and Self-expression / 112

Competency and Empowerment Through Mindful Practice / 113

Music as Social Capital / 115

Meaning and Coherence in Life / 117

Chapter 8

Systemic Aspects 120

A Critical Tradition / 120

Context / 122

Culture / 122

The Concept of Illness and the Definition of

Music Therapy / 123

Ecological and Environmental Music Therapy / 124

Performance-based Music Therapy / 126

Toward a Community Music Therapy / 126

Definitions / 128

Four examples / 130

Communal Musicking / 130

Music Inside and Outside of Prison / 132

Music with Hospitalized Children / 132

Music Therapy in Rehabilitation / 133

Chapter 9

Reflexivity and the Philosophy of Science 139

Reflexivity / 140

Empirical Documentation / 141

From Positivism to Phenomenology / 142

The Need for Interpretation / 144

Hermeneutics / 145

The Need for Criticism / 149

Critical Theory / 149

Reflexivity in Language / 152

Postmodern Currents / 152

Chapter 10

Musicking as Self-care 157

Music as a Cultural Immunogen—Three Narratives / 161

The Theologian Who Cured His Asthma with Singing / 161

Musicking as a Catalyst for Stress And Anger / 165

Overcoming Depression and Social Phobia / 167

Musical Strategies / 170

Improvisation, Composing/Songwriting, and Performing Music / 171

Performance / 173

Listening as Self-care / 173

Music Affords New Actions / 178

Sources

Literature