Culture-Centered Music Therapy
Author : Brynjulf Stige
Humans cannot escape culture. Culture provides the tools humans need to deal with the challenges of everyday life and with the symbolic artifacts they depend upon to communicate and construct their life histories. Culture thus permeates the personalities of therapists and clients, a fact that hardly has been given the attention it deserves in music therapy theory. Culture-Centered Music Therapy explores the implications of taking culture-inclusive perspectives for practice, theory, and research.
Part One outlines premises for the argument, examining basic concepts such as culture, humankind, meaning, “musicking,” and the nature-nurture debate.
Part Two highlights how culture-centered music therapy may be practiced. The scope varies from community music therapy (aimed in part on cultural change in the community), to ecological music therapy (focusing on communication at micro- and mesosystem levels), to individual music psychotherapy (considering the individual in cultural context).
In Part Three, implications for describing and understanding music therapy are discussed, including a chapter on how to define music therapy as practice, discipline, and profession. A culture-inclusive model of the music therapy process is also proposed.
Part Four suggests approaches to music therapy research within a culture-centered context. A call for increased reflexivity, the ability to reflect upon one’s social and cultural position, is at the heart of the discussion, along with a continuing theme of this book: the relations and tensions between local and more general perspectives on music therapy. (2002, ISBN 1-891278-14-2;$28).
Brynjulf Stige is the first Coordinator of the music therapy education program at Sogn og Fjordane University in Sandane, Norway, where he is an associate professor. With diverse experiences as a music therapist using a community based approach, Stige has written numerous articles and books on music therapy and music education. He is editor-in-chief of the Nordic Journal of Music Therapy, and co-editor (with Carolyn Kenny) of Voices: A World Forum for Music Therapy.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
|Brief Contents Preface Foreword, by Kenneth E. Bruscia|
Part I: Premises
|Chapter 1: Why Culture?|
A Very Brief History of the Concept of Culture
Toward an Integrated Conception of Humankind?
Culture and the Evolution of the Human Species (Phylogeny)
The Relevance of Cultural Psychology for Music Therapy
Culture Defined for Music Therapy
Culture-Centered Music Therapy
Chapter 2: Meanings
Meaning of Meaning in Music therapy
From Names to Moves in Language Games
The Narrative Turn
The Aesthetic Dimension
Art and Values
Schizophonia and the Therapy Music Market
These People Just Cannot Sing Together
A Plurality of Polyphonic Practices
|Chapter 3: The Power of Musicking|
Talking about Music
The Origins of Music
Music and Culture
Plurality of Musics
The Power of Musicking
Part II: Practices
|Chapter 4: Community Music Therapy as Cultural Engagement|
Music Therapy as Cultural Engagement
Music Therapy, Health Promotion, and Cultural Life
A Note on Theory, Goals and Method
-May We Too Play in the Brass Band?
With Longing, Life, and Song!
Go Down, Moses
Some Consequences for Research and Ethics
Postscript: From Micro to Macro
|Chapter 5: Ecological Music Therapy and Mediated Learning|
I dont Like Music
A Transactional and Ecological Perspective
Learning as Social Interaction
Music and Meaning as Social Interaction
The Story of Paul: The Assessment Process
Intervention through Consultation
Video Evaluation as Part of the Consultation Process
A Broader Concept of Music Therapy?
Postscript: The Concept of Ecology
|Chapter 6: Hypertextuality in Individual Music Psychotherapy|
The Text Analogy in Music Therapy
Texts and Hypertexts
Hypertextuality in Music
Synopsis of a Year in Music Therapy
Talking about Music Therapy
Hypertextuality as a Meta-Metaphor
A Preceding Analogous Case?
Postscript: Hypertext Narratives
Part III: Implications
|Chapter 7: Redefining Music Therapy|
But Is It Music Therapy?
Music and Health
Conceptual Levels in Defining Music Therapy
Folk Music Therapy
Music Therapy as Discipline and Profession
Music Therapy as Professional Practice
The Practice of Redefining Music Therapy
|Chapter 8: A Model of the Music Therapy Process|
Shared Components in Music Therapy Practices
Client and Therapist Learning in Relationship
Roles and Relationships
Rituals and Rationales
Communitas in Context
Reflexivity in Action
|Chapter 9: New Arenas and Agendas|
Areas and Eras of Music Therapy
Target and Time of Intervention
Metaphors to Work By
Ethics of Culturally Informed Empathy
Part IV: Investigations
|Chapter 10: Ethnographically Informed Clinical Research|
Ethnographic Research Techniques
The Researcher in the Field
The Representation Crisis
Writing as Dialogic Aspect Seeing
|Chapter 11: Participatory Action Research|
Research and Social Change
Pioneers of Action Research
The Legacy of Critical Theory
Contemporary Trends in Action Research
Music Therapy: A Case of Fiddling while the World Burns?
The Process of Doing Participatory Action Research
The Problem of Participation
|Chapter 12: Toward a Third Culture of Music Therapy Research?|
The Two Cultures
Science and Success
The Hermeneutic Challenge
Research and Reflexivity
A Third Culture?
Drapetomania and other Peculiarities
|Glossary References Author Index|